When you retire, your superannuation is likely to be an important, and possibly your main source of income. That’s why it’s a good idea to top it up while you’re still working.
But did you know, there are also some excellent tax benefits you can take advantage of right now – just by making your own voluntary superannuation contributions?
There are two main ways to add to your super:
- Before-tax contributions through an agreement with your employer. This is called salary sacrificing
- After-tax contributions from your take-home pay
Do I pay tax on super?
In most cases, yes – but usually at a lower rate than your regular income tax.
Super can be taxed at three possible stages:
- When your employer makes a super contribution, and you when you make a before-tax contribution – 15% tax
- As your super investments grow (tax on earnings only) – 15% tax
- If you withdraw from your super funds before you turn 60 years of age – but remember once you turn 60 your pension payments are tax free.
The good news is, the superannuation tax rates are often a lot less than regular tax on income and normal investment earnings. These are called superannuation tax concessions.
Tax on withdrawals from your superannuation
When you become eligible to access your super funds, you can take it all out as a single lump sum or have your fund pay you a regular income stream.
In both cases, if you’re aged 60 years or over, your super withdrawals are usually tax-free.
If you withdraw from your super before you turn 60 – either as a lump sum or as an income – then you probably have to pay tax.
Special conditions that may apply to you
If you earn less than $37,001 per year, the tax paid on your super contributions is actually put back into your super account by the Tax Office through the Low Income Super Contribution Scheme. But note the government is currently moving to delete this program.
If you earn more than $300,000 per year (including super contributions), then you may have to pay more tax on your super due to reduced tax concessions for high-income earners.
You may also be required to pay extra tax if you contribute too much to your super. For more information head to the contributions tax cap page.
Tax is not paid on certain super transactions including:
- Government co-contributions
- Transferring from one super fund to another
- Consolidating multiple super accounts into a single account
Tax rates for superannuation
|Employer contributions||15%||If you earn less than $37,001 per year, this tax is refunded back into your super account by the Tax Office. But note the government is currently moving to delete this program.|
|Salary sacrifice and other super contributions you’ve claimed a tax deduction on||15%||If you earn less than $37,001 per year, this is refunded back into your super account by the Tax Office, up to a maximum $500 refund. But note the government is currently moving to delete this program.|
|Voluntary after-tax contributions||Not taxed||These contributions are not taxed because it is from your after tax earnings or take home pay.|
|Government co-contributions||Not taxed|
|Transferring or consolidating your super||Not taxed|
|Super fund investment earnings||15%|
|Exceeding $300,000 in income and super contributions per year||30%|
|Withdrawing money from your super fund at 60 or above||Not taxed|
Remember you can be taxed more if you exceed the contribution cap.